The law was tabled on Thursday, and would allow adults over 18 to possess up to 30g of dried marijuana.
Former Toronto Police Chief Bill Blair, who is the parliamentary secretary to the justice minister, said officials learned from the experiences from other jurisdictions like Colorado and Washington state.
Canadians aged 18 and older would be able to possess 30 grams of the drug and grow up to four plants at home.
Adults would be granted the rights to grow up to four plants per residence for personal use.
Those caught selling marijuana to a minor could face up to 14 years in jail. Those who are under the influence of marijuana, he said, are still drastically less impaired than they would be under the effect of legal quantities of alcohol. Uruguay is the only other country in the world that allows recreational use of marijuana.
Ralph Goodale, Canada's Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, said Thursday that the Canadian government has developed legislation with its American counterparts in mind.
The president of Canada's largest publicly traded marijuana company said a balance needs to be struck when it comes to discouraging overconsumption, not promoting to minors and ensuring customers receive information on varieties, brands, and how to properly consume the product.
As a neighbor and ally, Canada's legalization has the potential to influence future legislation in the United States - marijuana is already legal in eight states but subjected to federal restrictions and interference.
The main goal, the government said, is to control the production, distribution, sale and possession of marijuana, and keep it out of the hands of criminal organizations.
But it won't mean much to the thousands of Canadians going to Arizona every year except for the possibility of slightly more hassle at the worldwide border by suspicious customs officers, he said.
Police would be able to demand a saliva sample if they have "reasonable suspicion" a driver has drugs in their body; a positive test result would then help officers identify "reasonable grounds" to demand a blood sample or further drug evaluation.
There will also be new provisions against drug-impaired driving, which will be closely scrutinized by critics who fear an increase in the number of cases of impaired driving once marijuana becomes legal. The four new recreational states, which grant cannabis freedom to adults 21 and older, joined Colorado, Washington, Alaska, Washington, D.C., and OR in ending decades of the failed policy of marijuana prohibition. The Neighbourhood Pharmacy Association of Canada (Neighbourhood Pharmacies) supports the federal government's efforts and urges federal and provincial policy makers not to lose sight of the vital role that Canada's 10,000 pharmacies can play in the safe and secure distribution and dispensing of medical cannabis.
Trudeau said during his campaign that he meant to legalize marijuana, and the government opened up the idea to 60 days of public comment past year.
"Every sovereign country has the ability at the border to make decisions for themselves", Goodale said. "There are billions upon billions of dollars flowing into the pockets of organized crime, street gangs, and gunrunners. if we can get that out of the criminal elements and into a more regulated fashion, we will reduce the amount of criminal activity that's profiting from those".