European Union gives Poland one month

Polish report backs WWII reparations campaign

Polish report backs WWII reparations campaign

In early August, lawmaker from Poland's ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party Arkadiusz Mularczyk said that he had sent a request to the Bureau of Research of the Polish parliament to find out whether it was possible to demand additional World War II reparations from Germany.

The EU began legal action against Poland in July over the reforms and their potential impact on the independence of the courts.

The EU's executive gave Poland a month to "take the necessary measures", warning that if Warsaw does not comply, Brussels may decide to refer the case to the Court of Justice of the EU.

The European Court of Justice, the bloc's highest tribunal, can impose fines on Poland if it rules in favour of the EU's legal action over the overhaul of the Polish law on the ordinary courts organisation.

Other concerns, it said, include "discrimination on the basis of gender" by setting the retirement age at 60 for female judges and at 65 for their male counterparts.

Article 7 is a never-before-used European Union process created to uphold the rule of law, a so-called "nuclear option" that can freeze a country's right to vote in meetings of European Union ministers. Polish President Andrzej Duda signed the changes into law in July, despite protests across the country.

The commission also said it was concerned that "the independence of Polish courts will be undermined" by rules giving the justice minister discretionary power to prolong the mandate of judges who have reached retirement age, as well as to dismiss and appoint the heads of courts.

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