UN Approves Watered-Down New Sanctions Against North Korea

US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley addresses Security Council session on North Korea Sept. 11 2017 vote on increased sanctions passes unanimously

US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley addresses Security Council session on North Korea Sept. 11 2017 vote on increased sanctions passes unanimously

But underscoring the big questions about Chinese and Russian compliance, senior USA officials told the House Foreign Affairs Committee on Tuesday that effective enforcement by both of the North's neighbours and trading partners will be the acid test of whether sanctions work. "Lax enforcement of the sanctions regime coupled with the DPRK's (North Korea's) evolving evasion techniques [is] undermining the goals of the resolutions that the DPRK abandon all WMD [weapons of mass destruction]".

A recent poll by Gallup Korea, conducted from Sept 5 - after the Sept 3 nuclear weapons test by the North - shows a clear sign of hardening attitudes among South Koreans.

Xenon is a naturally occurring, colorless gas that is used in manufacturing of some sorts of lights.

Liu again urged the council to adopt the freeze-for-freeze proposal and said talks with North Korea are needed "sooner rather than later".

The missile, manufactured by Germany's Taurus Systems, has a maximum range of 310 miles and is equipped with stealth characteristics that will allow it to avoid radar detection before hitting North Korean targets, according to Seoul's Defense Ministry.

Responding to the UNSC's step, the North said the sanctions were "illegal and evil".

Donald Trump has expressed doubt that the new sanctions on Pyongyang will have "any impact", but said it was "nice" of UNSC to unanimously approve the US-drafted resolution watered down to accommodate Russian-Chinese concerns.

"The DPRK will redouble the efforts to increase its strength to safeguard the country's sovereignty and right to existence".

A pre-emptive strike against Pyongyang's leadership would be hard to undertake, but it's widely seen as the most realistic of the limited military options Seoul has to deny a nuclear attack from its rival.

Mogherini said that as it always has, the European Union will immediately implement the new United Nations resolution, and work with other partners in the world to make sure everyone fully implements the economic sanctions.

President Donald Trump is calling new United Nations sanctions on North Korea "just another very small step".

The latest round of sanctions could have a significant effect on the North Korean economy, potentially reducing up to $1.3 billion in annual revenue.

US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin warned China, North Korea's main ally and trading partner, that Washington would "put additional sanctions on them and prevent them from accessing the US and worldwide dollar system" if it did not follow through on the new measures.

Asked if Trump was considering other moves, including cutting off Chinese banks from the U.S. financial system, White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders said, "All options are on the table".

Haley said the USA doesn't take pleasure in strengthening sanctions and reiterated that the US does not want war.

Building on resolution 1874 (2009), the Council also gives countries the right to inspect ships with the consent of the countries where the ships are registered, "if they have information that provides reasonable grounds to believe that the cargo of such vessels contains items the supply, sale, transfer or export of which is prohibited". It stopped short of imposing a full embargo on oil exports to North Korea, most of which come from China.

"If China doesn't follow these sanctions, we will put additional sanctions on them and prevent them from accessing the U.S. and global dollar system, and that's quite meaningful", Mr Mnuchin said, adding that "economic warfare works".

"I don't know that we're wrong", Tillerson said of his earlier assessment. "There's a lot more that we can do".

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