Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis cases on the up in the North East

A stain of syphilis

A stain of syphilis

The syphilis cases diagnosed were most common in people who were between the age group of 25 to 34 years and accounted for about 33 percent of all the syphilis cases followed by people between 35 to 44 years age group.

Diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections in England have soared to record high in the last 10 years, according to the country's health department.

"Additionally, the first detected case of extensively drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae with resistance to ceftriaxone and high-level resistance to azithromycin, the two antibiotics used as front-line dual therapy, was detected in the United Kingdom in March 2018".

Increases have been seen in case numbers for chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes and syphilis - for which there has been a 28% rise in new diagnoses from 161 in 2016 to 206 in 2017.

Cases of syphilis reported in England have reached the highest level since 1949, according to new data on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) released Tuesday by Public Health England.

Dr Foster also stressed that these STIs are preventable - so it is crucial that Public Health England continues to communicate messages about sex safe, the importance of wearing a condom and getting checked out after unprotected sex.

Last December, Public Health England (PHE) launched a sexual health campaign aimed at promoting condom use among young people. Since then the PHE has directed Global Positioning System to refer the suspected cases of gonorrhoea they encounter to specialist sexual health services (SHS). "Health inequalities will remain and councils may be unable to respond effectively to unforeseen outbreaks".

'There is a small decline in chlamydia diagnoses, but this isn't good news as there's also been an 8 percent decline in testing for chlamydia.

She added: "Government must reverse cuts to councils' public health grants because we can not tackle this by stretching services even thinner". "Most worryingly, that includes a 61 percent drop in chlamydia testing in sexual and reproductive health services in just two years", she added.

"A reduced ability to identify, test and treat exposed people means they may be unaware of their infection and could be spreading it to others", Landers said.

Dr. Gwenda Hughes, head of the STI section at Public Health England, told CNN in March that the case was "the first time a case has displayed such high-level resistance to both of these drugs and to most other commonly used antibiotics". The recommendations state that all young women should be tested for chlamydia when they access contraception.

Hughes also stated that STI's can cause a serious health problem for those who are infected as it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and danger to unborn babies.

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