May's Brexit Bill Returns: A Guide to the Main Voting Battles

Anti-Brexit demonstrators gather outside the Houses of Parliament in London England. Chris J Ratcliffe Getty Images

Anti-Brexit demonstrators gather outside the Houses of Parliament in London England. Chris J Ratcliffe Getty Images

Minutes later, all but two of the Tory MPs voted with the Government to reject a Lords amendment that would have given Parliament the power to tell the PM to go back and renegotiate the Brexit deal she secures from Brussels.

If some of its leave-supporting lawmakers choose to vote against the amendment, the government could avoid defeat altogether.

Or possibly not. That's when we will find out just how many Tory "Remainer rebels" really do mean business on Brexit, as the Commons votes on whether to force the Government to hold a "meaningful vote" on the Theresa May's final deal.

A statement from the Brexit ministry said the government had agreed to "look for a compromise".

That said, while the government may have won the battle on customs, the war is still to come.

If the Conservative rebels want to win the battle on parliament's scrutiny and control over the final Brexit deal, they must maintain a united front.

Losing the vote in the Commons would have spelt serious trouble for Mrs May, whose position as prime minister was weakened past year when she lost her parliamentary majority after calling a general election.

Before the vote on the Labour amendment, which the party lost by 322 to 240, lawmaker Laura Smith resigned from her junior role in the team "shadowing" the cabinet office and five others left their roles as parliamentary private secretaries.

The "meaningful vote" will be the first major test after the House of Lords introduced changes to the bill, trying to reshape the government's approach to Brexit by encouraging lawmakers to press for the closest possible ties.

Solicitor General Robert Buckland intervened four times during a speech by the former Attorney General Dominic Grieve, whose amendment would effectively give MPs a veto on the government's negotiating agenda if a deal isn't done by the end of November.

He later claimed Mr Johnson "inhabited a parallel universe" in which the referendum result is not respected "unless you want friction at the borders and disruption of the economy".

A second day of debates on the EU Withdrawal Bill is set to take place on Wednesday 13 May 2018. The Sun reports that Brexiteers are not allowing any more Government amendments.

Tory MPs are to discuss with ministers what will happen in the event of a no-deal Brexit - amid calls for Theresa May to honour "assurances" to them.

Labour MPs had been whipped to abstain on the motion to disagree with the Lords EEA amendment.

It's highly likely that the lords will either reinstate their original amendment (or the Grieve version of their amendment), so we can expect many more conversations like this happening behind closed doors in the days to come.

"The decision was taken by the people, we gave them that decision and we have to stand by it", said Conservative MP Bill Cash.

Speaking to City leaders, John McDonnell said: "We campaigned for Remain but many of our MPs, including myself, now represent seats which voted heavily Leave".

On the meaningful vote, he said: "In all conscience, I can not support the Government's decision to oppose this amendment because doing so breaches such fundamental principles of human rights and Parliamentary sovereignty".

But while that vote seemed assured, tensions over Britain's departure from the European Union boiled over in parliament, where lawmakers from the Scottish National Party walked out in the middle of questions to the prime minister in protest at what their leader said was Scotland being ignored in the Brexit debate.

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