Air pollution contributes significantly to diabetes globally

Study: Even low pollution levels can pose health risk — (Details)

Study: Even low pollution levels can pose health risk — (Details)

They also estimated that 8.2 million years of healthy life were lost in 2016 due to pollution-linked diabetes, representing about 14 percent of all years of healthy life lost due to diabetes from any cause. After controlling for known causes of diabetes, researchers measured study participants' exposure to air pollution levels documented by the EPA and NASA.

Rising levels of obesity and unhealthy lifestyles are the main drivers to blame for a staggering rise in the number of type 2 diabetics globally.

"Our study shows that the relationship between air pollution and incidence of diabetes in all countries of the world". They also looked at particulate matters, airborne microscopic pieces of dust, dirt, smoke, soot and liquid droplets. According to researchers, air pollution reduces insulin production in the body and triggers inflammation which prevents the body from converting glucose into energy needed for sustenance and activity. The validity of the link was tested through the introduction of two other variables: ambient sodium concentrations, which have no link to diabetes, and lower limb fractures, which have no link to outdoor air pollution.

Finally, the researchers analyzed data from the Global Burden of Disease study, which is conducted annually with contributions from researchers worldwide.

According to the report which focused on areas such as particulate matter, dust, dirt, smoke, soot and liquid droplets, air pollution contributed to nearly 14 per cent of all new diabetes cases globally in the year 2016. Researchers found that not only in highly polluted countries like India but even in countries like U.S., which is not quite polluted, improved air quality will lead to a significant drop in the number of people suffering with diabetes would significantly drop.

"Our research shows a significant link between air pollution and diabetes globally", said Ziyad Al-Aly, MD, the study's senior author and an assistant professor of medicine at Washington University.

A new research study links air pollution with an increased risk of global diabetes, even at pollution levels deemed safe by other governing bodies. Al-Aly said that it was important to focus attention on the matter since many industry-lobbying groups say that the current acceptable pollution levels are too strict and the agencies should relax it.

'Evidence shows that current levels are still not sufficiently safe and need to be tightened'.

People in lower-income countries such as India are also at a higher overall risk of pollution-related diabetes. India, for example lacks proper environmental mitigation systems as well as clean air policies.

However, using mathematical models, Dr Al-Aly's team established an increased diabetes risk at 2.4 micrograms per cubic metre of air.

Approximately 21% of people living in environments where there were 5-10 micrograms per cubic meter of air pollution developed type 2 diabetes.

By analyzing this data, physicians have noticed that all the countries covered by the "epidemic" of diabetes, were United by one problem - the high level of air pollution.

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