US space capabilities being challenged by Russia-China says Pentagon

Разведка США выяснила какое космическое оружие создает Россия

Разведка США выяснила какое космическое оружие создает Россия

"Both countries have developed robust and capable space services, and these capabilities provide their militaries with the ability to command and control their forces worldwide, and with enhanced situational awareness enabling them to monitor, track and target USA and allied forces", a senior DIA official said, speaking to reporters on background.

"China and Russian Federation, in particular, are developing a variety of means to exploit perceived U.S. reliance on space-based systems and challenge the United States position in space", it added, citing examples including jamming technology and directed energy weapons.

The report notes that some actors will seek counter space capabilities that target the perceived United States and allied reliance on space, including the ability to use secure satellite communications, precision strike capabilities, and Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance or ISR assets.

The report, titled 'Challenges to Security in Space, ' examines Chinese, Russian, Iranian and North Korean space capabilities.

"The People's Liberation Army also sees counterspace operations as a means to deter and counter a possible U.S. intervention during a regional military conflict", the report said, adding that destroying satellites would make it hard for the United States to target precision guided weapons. "China views space superiority as part of the ability to control the information sphere and that is a key component of modern warfare".

"Both states are developing jamming and cyberspace capabilities, directed energy weapons, on-orbit capabilities and ground-based antisatellite missiles that can achieve a range of reversible to non-reversible effects", said the report.

China is building technologies that will soon threaten United States dominance in space, warned the Pentagon's lead intelligence agency. "These capabilities provide their militaries with the ability to command and control their forces worldwide, and with enhanced situational awareness enabling them to monitor, track and target US and allied forces". The two major challengers discussed in the report are China and Russian Federation.

The increase in orbiting garbage has spurred the development of space debris removal technology - but the agency warns that such technology is "dual-use because it could be used to damage another satellite". The report comes as the Chinese government has been increasingly stepping up its space program, becoming the first nation to land a probe on the far side of the moon in January.

China has demonstrated an anti-satellite missile and is working on a laser that could attack US properties in space.

The new report follows one the agency released last month on China's military power, including its anti-satellite weapons and other counterspace capabilities.

One threat is a result of the successes in space.

Space is the common property of all mankind, not the private property of the Americans, Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said at a briefing. "As the number of satellites grows, so does the threats posed by space debris", the official said.

"Space is fundamental to US prosperity", the Pentagon official said.

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