Measles cases top last year's total

A graph provided by the CDC shows the amount of measles cases reported each year

A graph provided by the CDC shows the amount of measles cases reported each year

The last declared "outbreak" in the north was two years ago, when six cases were reported to health authorities.

WBUR: What You Should Know About Measles, After A Case Confirmed In Mass.

The number of measles cases in recent years. An outbreak is considered three or more cases in one area. It is emblematic of a series of fierce, sometimes connected measles outbreaks - in places as diverse as Indonesia, the Philippines, Madagascar and Venezuela - that have shaken global health officials, revealing persistent shortcomings in the world's vaccination efforts and threatening to tarnish what had been a signature public health achievement. The highest number of reported cases since elimination was 667 in 2014.

But while outbreaks in the states of Washington and NY have made headlines, measles outbreaks in the first three months of 2019 have also been reported in Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Oregon, and Texas. Cases have been confirmed in other states as well, and these might appear once the CDC's weekly list is updated. The person visited the Skin Clinic in Falmouth and the Maine Centers for Healthcare Endoscopy in Westbrook on March 27.

Measles is an extremely contagious viral disease that's spread in the air.

Measles is a highly contagious disease and can be fatal or cause brain damage. This precaution can help protect others from becoming infected, the Maine CDC said.

The initial symptoms of measles can include: a runny or blocked nose; sneezing; sore, red eyes that may be sensitive to light; a high temperature (fever); a cough.

With any medicine, including vaccines, there is a chance of reactions, according to the CDC.

The measles vaccine - known as the MMR vaccine - is very effective.

"Thanks to the high proportion of people in Northern Ireland making the positive decision to get the MMR vaccine over the past decades, cases of measles, mumps and rubella illnesses here have fallen significantly".

Dr. Jeffrey Gunzenhauser, interim health officer at the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, arrives for a press conference on February 4, 2015.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), last year's total of 372 measles cases occurred predominantly as a result of unvaccinated travelers entering the USA from places like the Philippines, Ukraine, and Israel, all of which experienced outbreaks.

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