Ghana ranks 44th on Global Peace Index 2019

Bangladesh slips 9 places in Global Peace Index

Bangladesh slips 9 places in Global Peace Index

"South Asia's score for every indicator in Ongoing Conflict is less peaceful than the global average, with four of of six deteriorating previous year", said the report.

"If you have a mismatch between the two up to a positive peace deficit, a country will stay trapped in violence and conflicts are more likely to turn violent as the techniques are absent to keep security and stability within a country".

IEP founder and executive chairman Steve Killelea told the ABC that numerous countries in the Asia-Pacific region also have weaker coping capacities for natural disasters.

"The fact that climate change is now part of the Global Peace Index underscores how multi-faceted this threat is and how quickly we need to act".

World Resources Institute managing director Manish Bapna praised the inclusion of climate change as a factor in conflict risk, saying: "We know that environmental degradation and water stress can lead to hunger, starvation and displacement, and combined with economic and political instability, can lead to migration and conflict".

With the country already touted as one of the peaceful countries in Africa, the Index indicated improvements from political instability, earned points for Ghana as well as Angola and The Gambia, who rank 16 and 12 respectively in the region.

Four of the nine regions in the world improved in peacefulness in 2019: Russian Federation and Eurasia, Asia-Pacific, Europe, and MENA. They are followed by South Sudan, Yemen, and Iraq.

Almost a billion people are facing climate change hazards globally, with the Asia-Pacific region housing twice as many people living in areas with high exposure than all other regions combined, a new report has revealed.

A new study says Afghanistan has replaced Syria as the "least peaceful country in the world".

In both of these regions, the number of combat deaths in conflicts declined, owing to the de-escalation in Ukraine and Syria. Only deaths from internal conflict improved, with fewer fatalities in Pakistan, Afghanistan and India than the year prior. "Whilst the conflicts that have dominated the past decade, such as in Iraq and Syria, have begun to abate, new conflicts have emerged in Yemen, Nicaragua and Turkey, resulting in the bottom ten countries in the index declining by more than the global average - increasing the global inequality in peace". Russian Federation and Eurasia, Asia-Pacific, and MENA recorded improvements across all three GPI domains.

Negative peace refers just to the absence of violence or war, where the society of a country sustains in mutual mistrust that could lead to new conflict, he said.

While most and least peaceful countries remain the margin, there is a growing gap of countries under risk of becoming unstable in between.

The economic impact of violence on the global economy in 2018 decreased for the first time since 2012, decreasing by 3.3 per cent, to $14.1 trillion. There was also a substantial reduction in the economic impact of terrorism, which fell by 48 per cent from 2017 to 2018.

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