Three STDs reach record high in US

This 1975 file microscope image made available by the the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows chlamydia trachomatis bacteria magnified 200 times

This 1975 file microscope image made available by the the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows chlamydia trachomatis bacteria magnified 200 times

The trends in California echoed a report released Tuesday by the CDC, which said combined cases of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis in the USA had risen for the fifth consecutive year. The increase was 153%.

The CDC writes that "urgent action from all types of stakeholders is needed to help control the increases in STDs", and says that it is working to develop a federal action plan to stop the rise in rates.

Kansas had eight cases of newborns being born with syphilis in 2018. The state had only a single reported case from 2013 through 2017.

Rates of gonorrhea reached their the highest number since 1991, increasing five percent between 2017 and 2018. About 35,000 cases of the most contagious forms of the disease were reported - also the most since 1991. Since 2012, the number of infants diagnosed with the potentially lethal disease skyrocketed 900%.

There were 19 stillbirths or 3 neonatal deaths associated with congenital syphilis past year, according to the report.

And it can have devastating effects on developing babies.

Altogether, 40 percent of babies delivered by women with untreated syphilis die before, during or shortly after delivery.

'This goes beyond data and surveillance, beyond numbers and calculations - we lost 94 lives before they even began to an entirely preventable infection'. The county ranked 13th in California for rates of chlamydia with 2,704 cases reported in 2018. According to the CDC, this is a result of decreased condom use among high-risk groups; lack of access or coverage for medical care; decreases in local STD and partner notification services; the asymptomatic nature of some of these infections; and stigma and discrimination.

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